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Shrine of Fatima

(Curiosities)

Address: Ap. 31

Postal code: 2496-908

City: Fátima

Telephone: (00351) 249 539 623

Website: www.santuario-fatima.pt


Information

On 13 May 1917, three children were pasturing their little flock in the Cova da Iria, parish of Fatima, town of Vila Nova de Ourém. today the diocese of Leiria-Fatima. They were called: Lucia de Jesus, aged 10, and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto, aged 9 and 7.

About midday, after praying the Rosary, as was their custom, they were amusing themselves building a little house of stones scattered around he place where the Basilica now stands. Suddenly they saw a brilliant light, and thinking it to be lightning, they decided to go home. But as they went down the slope another flash lit up the place, and they saw on the top of a holmoak (where the Chapel of Apparitions now stands), "a Lady more brilliant than the sun", from whose hands hung a white rosary.

The Lady told the three little shepherds that it was necessary to pray much, and she invited them to return to the Cova da Iria during five consecutive months, on the 13th day at that hour. The children did so and the 13th day of June, July, September and October, the Lady appeared to them again and spoke to them in the Cova da 0a. On the 19th of August, the apparition took place at Valinhos, about 500 meters from Aljustrel, because on the 13th the children had been carried off by the local Administrator to Vila Nova de Ourém.

At the last apparition, on October 13, with about 70,000 people present, the Lady said to them that she was the "Lady of the Rosary" and that a chapel was to be built there in her honor. After the apparition all present witnessed the miracle promised to the three children in July and September :the sun, resembling a silver disc, could be gazed at without difficulty and, whirling on itself like a wheel of fire, it seemed about to fall upon the earth.

Afterwards, when Lucia was a Religious Sister of Saint Dorothy, Our Lady appeared to her again in Spain (10 December 1925 and 15 February 1926, in the Convent of Pontevedra, and on the night of 13/14 June 1929, in the Convent of Tuy), requesting the devotion of the five first Saturdays (to pray the Rosary, meditate on the mysteries of the Rosary, confess and receive Holy Communion, in reparation for the sins committed against the Immaculate Heart of Mary), and the Consecration of Russia to the same Immaculate Heart, This request had been announced by the Apparition on 13 July 1917, in what is called the "Secret of Fatima".

Years later, Sr. Lucia related that, between April and October of 1916, an Angel had appeared to the three seers on three occasions, twice in the Cabeço and once at the well in the garden behind Lucia´s house, who exhorted them to prayer and penance.

Since 1917 pilgrims have not ceased to come to the Cova da Iria in thousands upon thousands from all parts of the world, at first on the 13th of each month. later during the summer and winter holidays, and now more and more at weekends and any day all the year round.


Chronology of Fatima – Main dates

22-03-1907 – Birth of Lucia de Jesus.

30-03-1907 – Baptism of Lucia.

11-06-1908 – Birth of Francisco Marto.

20-06-1908 – Baptism of Francisco.

11-03-1910 – Birth of Jacinta Marto.

19-03-1910 – Baptism of Jacinta.

30-05-1913 – First Communion of Lucia.

1916 – Apparitions of the Angel: one in spring, one in summer and the last one in fall.

1917 – Apparitions of Our Lady in Cova da Iria on the 13th of May, June, July, September and October; in August, on the 19th at Valinhos.

04-04-1919 – Death of Francisco Marto, in Aljustrel.

28-04-1919 - Beginning of the construction of the Chapel of Apparitions.

01-07-1919 – Jacinta is placed in the hospital of Vila Nova de Ourém, until the 31st of August.

31-07-1919 – Death of Lucia’s father, António dos Santos.

02-02-1920 – Jacinta is placed in the hospital of D. Estefânia, in Lisbon.

20-02-1920 – Death of Jacinta Marto, at the hospital Dª Estefânia, in Lisbon.

16-06-1921 – Lucia goes to Porto to the Institute of Vilar run by the religious Order of St. Dorothea, taking the name of Maria das Dores.

13-10-1921 – Mass is allowed to be celebrated for the first time in the Apparitions Chapel.

06-03-1922 – Apparitions Chapel is partially destroyed after a bombing and restored one year after.

03-05-1922 – Opening of the Canonical Process regarding the events of Fatima.

13-10-1922 – First issue number of the journal of the Sanctuary of Fatima "Voz de Fátima".

24-08-1925 – Sacrament of Confirmation of Lucia, in Braga, by the Bishop of Leiria, Mgr. José Alves Correia da Silva.

25-10-1925 – Lucia goes to Tuy, Spain.

26-10-1925 – Lucia enters the Congregation of Saint Dorothea, Pontevedra, Spain.

10-12-1925 – Apparition of Our Lady asking Lucia the devotion of the Five First Saturdays, Pontevedra, Spain.

15-02-1926 (and 17-12-1927) – Apparition of Child Jesus insisting on the Five First Saturdays devotion, Pontevedra, Spain.

18-07-1926 – Lucia returns to Tuy, Spain.

26-06-1927 – The Bishop of Leiria presides for the first time at an official celebration at Cova da Iria, after the blessing of the Stations of the Cross, from Reguengo do Fetal (11 Kms.)

13-05-1928 – Laying of the first stone of the Basilica of the Rosary.

13-10-1928 – Lucia makes her religious profession, taking temporary vows, taking the name of Maria Lucia das Dores, in Tuy, Spain.

13-06-1929 - Lucia sees the Holy Trinity and the Immaculate Heart of Mary circled with thorns asking Holy Father the Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, in union with all the bishops of the world, Tuy, Spain.

13-10-1930 – By the Official Letter “Divine Providence”, the Bishop of Leiria declares the Apparitions worthy of belief and authorizes the cult of Our Lady of Fatima.

13-05-1931 – First Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate, according to the Message of Fatima.

03-10-1934 – Perpetual vows of Lucia, in Tuy, Spain. The Bishop of Leiria, Mgr. José Alves Correia da Silva, presides the celebration.

09-10-1934 – Lucia goes to Pontevedra, Spain.

12-09-1935 – Removal of the mortal remains of Jacinta from the cemetery of Vila Nova de Ourém to the one of Fatima.

27-04-1937 – Lucia returns to Tuy, Spain.

13-05-1938 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

13-05-1942 – Important pilgrimage for the 25th anniversary of the Apparitions.

16-07-1942 – Death of Lucia’s mother, Maria Rosa.

13-10-1942 – The Portuguese women offer a precious crown to Our Lady in thanksgiving for the non-participation of Portugal in the II World War.

31-10-1942 – Pius XII, speaking in Portuguese on the radio, consecrates the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, making veiled mention of Russia, following Our Lady´s request.

08-12-1942 - Renewal of the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by Pope Pius XII, in Rome.

13-05-1946 – Crowning of the Statue of Our Lady of Fatima (crown offered by Portuguese women) by Cardinal Masella, Pontifical Legate.

17-05-1946 – Lucia comes back to Portugal.

22-05-1946 – Lucia identifies the location of the Angel’s Apparitions in Loca do Cabeço (1st and 3rd Apparitions) and at the Well of Arneiro (2nd Apparition).

13-05-1947 – Pilgrim statue of Our Lady starts her travel around Europe destroyed by war.

25-03-1948 – Lucia enters the Carmelite Order in the Carmelite Convent of St. Teresa, Coimbra, taking the name of Lucia Maria do Imaculado Coração.

31-05-1949 – Lucia makes her religious profession in the Carmelite Order, Coimbra.

01-05-1951 – Removal of the mortal remains of Jacinta from the cemetery of Fatima to the Basilica of the Rosary, in the Sanctuary.

13-10-1951 – Closing of the Holy Year (Universal) in Fatima, by Cardinal Tedeschini, Pontifical Legate.

13-03-1952 – Removal of the mortal remains of Francisco from the cemetery of Fatima to the Basilica of the Rosary, in the Sanctuary.

07-07-1952 – Consecration of the Peoples of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, by Pope Pius XII.

07-10-1953 – Dedication of the Church of the Sanctuary of Fatima.

12-11-1954 – Pope Pius XII concede the church the title of minor Basilica.

13-04-1956 – Death of Francisco e da Jacinta’s mother, Olímpia de Jesus.

13-05-1956 – Cardinal Roncalli, Patriarch of Venice, the future Pope John XXIII, presides at the international anniversary pilgrimage.

13-05-1956 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

03-02-1957 – Death of Francisco e da Jacinta’s father, Manuel Pedro Marto.

04-12-1957 – Death of the Bishop of Leiria diocese, Mgr. José Alves Correia da Silva.

13-05-1957 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

01-01-1960 – Beginning of the perpetual adoration, Lausperene, in the Sanctuary of Fatima.

21-11-1964 – At the end of the 3rd session of the Ecumenical Council Vatican II, Pope Paul VI announces, in front of the 2500 priests present, that a Golden Rose will be handed to the Sanctuary of Fatima.

21-11-1964 – Renewal of the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by Pope Paul VI, in Rome.

13-05-1965 – Offering of the Golden Rose by Cardinal Fernando Cento, Pontifical Legate, during the International Pilgrimage.

13-05-1967 – Pope Paul VI comes to Fatima for the 50th anniversary of Our Lady´s 1st Apparition to pray for peace in the world and unity in the Church.

13-05-1975 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

13-05-1977 – Pilgrimage of the 60th anniversary of Our Lady’s 1st Apparition presided by Cardinal Humberto Medeiros, Archbishop of Boston, Pontifical Legate.

10-07-1977 – Pilgrimage of Cardinal Luciani to Fatima, Patriarch of Venice and future Pope John Paul I.

19-09-1977 – Fatima is raised to the category of town.

13-05-1981 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

07-06-1981 - Renewal of the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, made by Pope John Paul II, in the clinic where he was hospitalized, in Rome.

08-12-1981 - Renewal of the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by Pope John Paul II, in Rome.

12/13-05-1982 – Pope John Paul II comes on pilgrimage to Fatima in thanksgiving for his survival, one year before, in St. Peter´s Square and, on his knees, consecrated the Church, all peoples and nations, with a veiled mention of Russia, to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

13-05-1983 – Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

16-10-1983 - Renewal of the Consecration of the World to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by Pope John Paul II, in Rome.

25-03-1984 – In St. Peter´s Square in Rome, before the statue of Our Lady from the Apparition Chapel, Pope John Paul II makes once more the Consecration of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, in union with all the Bishops of the world.

26-03-1984 – Pope John Paul II offers the Sanctuary of Fatima the bullet extracted from his body on the attempt on his life on the 13th May, 1981.

12/13-05-1991 – Pope John Paul II comes a second time to Fatima, as a pilgrim, on the 10th anniversary of the attempt on his life in St. Peter´s Square in Rome.

13-05-1992 - Renewal of the Consecration of Portugal to the Immaculate Heart of Mary made by the Portuguese Episcopate.

12/13-05-1996 –Cardinal Ratzinger, future Pope Benedict XVI, presides the International Pilgrimage.

04-06-1997 – The town of Fatima is raised to the category of city.

13-05-2000 – Beatification of Francisco and Jacinta Marto, on the occasion of the 3rd visit of Pope John Paul II to Fatima.

08-10-2000 – Consecration of the Millennium to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, in front of the statue of Our Lady of Fatima from the Apparition Chapel, made by John Paul II, in St. Peter’s Square, on the occasion of Bishops’ Jubilee. 1500 Bishops were present.

06-06-2004 – Laying of the first stone of the Church of the Most Holy trinity.

13-02-2005 – Death of Sister Lucia.

02-04-2005 – Death of Pope John Paul II.

19-02-2006 – Removal of the body of Lucia from the convent of St. Theresa, Coimbra, to the Basilica of the Rosary, in the Sanctuary.

12-10-2007 – Dedication of the Church of Most Holy trinity by the Pontifical Legate, Mgr. Tarcisio Bertone, Secretary of State of Vatican.

13-02-2008 – Pope Benedict XVI authorizes shortening the canonical timetable for the opening of the process of Beatification of Sister Lucy. The announcement was made by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins, Prefect of the Congregation for the Cause of Saints.

01-05-2009 – Blessed Francisco, for his great love to Eucharist, is proclaimed Patron of the Acolytes of Portugal.

12/14-05-2010 – Pilgrimage of Pope Benedict XVI who offers the 2nd Golden rose to the Sanctuary of Fatima.

19-06-2012 – The Church of Most Holy Trinity receives the title of Basilica.

13-05-2013 – Consecration of Pope Francis’ Pontificate to Our Lady of Fatima.

12/13-10-2013 – By the request of Pope Francis, the statue of Our Lady of Fatima is in Rome for the Marian Day promoted by the Pontifical council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization. On the 13th October, Pope Francis consecrates the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The village of Fatima is raised to the category of town on the 19th August, 1977, and of city on the 4th June, 1997. Several villages constitute the city of Fatima: Fatima, Cova da Iria, Aljustrel, Lomba D’Égua, and Moita Redonda… The city has 15 000 inhabitants. The numerous hotels offer a total bed capacity of about 10.000, which includes various religious houses open to pilgrims. There are about 14 different male religious orders and 51 different female religious orders.

Shrine of Fatima on the map of Fátima

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